Hexane is a hydrocarbon from the alkanes family. Hexane is one common ingredient in gasoline and shoe adhesives, leather goods and construction materials. Hexane is obtained from refining crude oil. Liquid hexane is highly flammable.
Name of substance (Persian): Normal Hexane
The name of the substance (English): n-Hexane
Brand Name: Hexane
Brand (English): Hexane
Other names: Dipropyl, Hexyl Hydride, Conventional Hexane, Scylla B or Dipropyl, Gettysolve-B, Hexyl Hydride, Skellysolve B
The hex prefix means six of the six carbon atoms in it, while the ane suffix in its name determines the existence of single links among its carbon atoms. Hexane isomers are mostly inert and non-polar and sometimes enter as organic solvents as inert solvents. It is a family of aliphatic hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, alkanes,
It is one of the common materials in gasoline and shoe glue, leather goods and building materials. In addition, it is used to extract cooking oil, rubber cleaners, home appliances and textile products. In the laboratory, hexane is used to extract oil and grease from water and soil.
Physical and chemical properties:
Molecular formula: C6H14
Molar mass: 86.18 g / mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density: 0.6548 g / ml, liquid
Melting point: -95 ° C (178 K)
Boiling point 69 C (342 K)
Solubility in water 13 mg / l at 20C
Viscosity 0.294 cP at 25 ° C
Flashpoint -23.3 C
Auto-ignition temperature 233.9 ° C
Hexane is obtained from the refining of crude oil. The exact composition of each slice of crude oil depends on the source of that crude oil. An industrial product (usually about 50% by weight of straight chain isomer) is a shear with a boiling temperature of about 65-70 ° C.
Hexane is a temperate stimulant of the eye. Hexane, as a moderate stimulant in the skin, causes reddening of the skin in the short term. This substance has a low toxicity. This liquid is highly flammable.